(CoinDesk Analysis Team)
Professors from The University of Sydney say that as governments consider different initiatives, they are overlooking crypto’s social and cultural significance.
Good morning. Here’s what’s happening:
Prices: Bitcoin and other cryptos rise on favorable inflation news.
Insights: Professors from The University of Sydney say governments need to look beyond cryptocurrency’s economic importance.
- Bitcoin (BTC): $23,843 +2.8%
- Ether (ETH): $1,850 +8.5%
- S&P 500 daily close: 4,210.24 +2.1%
- Gold: $1,807 per troy ounce +0.7%
- Ten-year Treasury yield daily close: 2.79% −0.01
Bitcoin, ether and gold prices are taken at approximately 4pm New York time. Bitcoin is the CoinDesk Bitcoin Price Index (XBX); Ether is the CoinDesk Ether Price Index (ETX); Gold is the COMEX spot price. Information about CoinDesk Indices can be found at coindesk.com/indices.
Crypto Investors Like the Latest CPI Report and Send BTC Higher
By James Rubin
The July Consumer Price Index (CPI) report in the U.S. was sweet music for crypto investors.
They sent the price of bitcoin higher minutes after the U.S. Commerce Department published the July inflation reading, which showed prices declining at a slightly lower rate than most analysts expected.
Bitcoin was recently trading just at roughly $23,850, up nearly 3% over the past 24 hours. The largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization had breezed past the $24,000 threshold earlier in the day and remained in the upper end of the range it’s occupied for the better part of two weeks. Markets were clearly feeling more hopeful the U.S. Federal Reserve was succeeding in its attempt to tame inflation without casting the economy into recession, and could boost interest rates at a more moderate rate at its next meeting in September.
Ether cracked the $1,800 mark for the second time in three days, increasing more than 8% over the previous day. The second-largest crypto by market cap has been gaining momentum even without the CPI news. The Ethereum blockchain is nearing the eagerly expected Merge, which will shift the protocol from proof-of-work to a less energy-sapping proof-of-stake model. Most other major cryptos also were basking in sunshine, with AAVE rising almost 14% and FTM and STORJ up more than 12% at one point.
“Crypto has not sat idly by and has pushed higher on the news, albeit not to radically higher levels than in past days,” Simon Peters, crypto market analyst at social investing network eToro, wrote in an email. “Given crypto asset markets’ recent tight correlation with U.S. equities, this should come as no surprise. At the bottom of this is a change in the makeup of the market.
The CPI dip resulted largely from improvements in long-beleaguered supply chains and declining fuel prices. U.S. gas prices have dropped under $4 per gallon, about a dollar under where they stood in early June. A barrel of Brent crude oil, a widely watched measure of energy markets, has spent much of the month hovering in the mid $90 range, down from a high over $120 in late spring.
Major equity indexes, which cryptos have largely tracked throughout the year, savored the CPI news with the tech-heavy Nasdaq and S&P 500 climbing nearly 3% and 2.1%, respectively. Investors are now encouraged that the Federal Reserve will hike interest rates 50 basis points instead of a more aggressive 75 points that seemed the likelier option only a few days ago. Target rate probabilities even prior to the CPI had shifted 68% chance of a 75 basis point increase to 38%, as CoinDesk’s Glenn Williams reported.
Meanwhile, the crypto industry slogged through a mix of good and bad news with Coinbase (COIN) part of both. Late Tuesday, following the crypto exchange giant’s release of disappointing second-quarter results, Bank of America (BAC) maintained its buy recommendation, saying it was well positioned to successfully navigate the crypto winter and take market share.
JPMorgan Chase also noted some positive signs for the company even during a challenging quarter. But in its quarterly report, Coinbase disclosed that it is under investigation by U.S. securities regulators over its token listing processes as well as its staking programs and yield-generating products.
In comments to CoinDesk, Howard Greenberg, cryptocurrency educator at Prosper Trading Academy, was optimistic about future price increases. “I think the market will continue to find confidence in the Fed staying on track with its proposed increases to the interest rates at the September meeting and we will continue to see our relief rally pick up steam in the crypto market,” Howard Greenberg, cryptocurrency educator at Prosper Trading Academy, told CoinDesk.
|Ethereum||ETH||+8.5%||Smart Contract Platform|
|Polkadot||DOT||+6.6%||Smart Contract Platform|
|Avalanche||AVAX||+5.6%||Smart Contract Platform|
There are no losers in CoinDesk 20 today.
Governments Focus on Crypto Is Too Narrow
By Shaurya Malwa
Business and computer science professors from The University of Sydney, one of Australia’s leading academic institutions, say governments are taking a one-sided approach in regulating cryptocurrencies, failing to capture its nuances beyond digital payments.
On Tuesday, the country’s central bank, the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA), announced that it would develop a “limited scale” pilot to explore use cases and potential economic benefits of a central bank digital currency (CBDC). The project will take about a year to complete. Meanwhile, over the past 24 hours, Australia crypto exchanges generated just over $14 million in trading volume.
Academics, however, say well-intentioned government projects miss a key part of the ethos of cryptocurrencies.
“There is an isolated focus on crypto’s financial and economic aspects, while the cultural, social and political ramifications are ignored,” says Daniel Schlagwein, associate professor at The University of Sydney Business School. “There is still a fundamental misunderstanding or at least a rigid, one-sided view on cryptocurrencies – their nature is not fully understood. Old and outdated theories are used on a new phenomenon.”
“For example, I would like the government to specify how citizens of Australia retain their current option to pay anonymously via cash,” Schlagwein told CoinDesk. “Once cash is de facto or de jure faded out, are all our payments then digitally traced and trackable? This would be horrific from a surveillance perspective.”
Schlagwein added that while traceability of all movements and payments of Australian citizens is desirable from an anti-money laundering and law enforcement perspective, it would be “easy to go wrong once such systems are in place.”
“There may be unintended, long-term consequences of designing our societal systems in a one-sided manner and short-term orientation,” he argued.
Other professors say small-scale trials in a real-world setting are necessary before such a system becomes operational.
“The government could also look to encourage small-scale application trials to see whether a new ecosystem can be stimulated and assess its feasibility, said Qiang Tang, a cryptocurrency and blockchain expert at the University of Sydney’s School of Computer Science.
Tang told CoinDesk that CBDCs could have multiple benefits, such as creating a more efficient monetary and payment system and enabling more fin-tech innovations that “play a fundamental role in Australia’s national digital economy strategy.”
The RBA announced its intention to study a potential CBDC with the development of a proof-of-concept (PoC) in early 2020 for the issuance of a tokenized digital dollar for the wholesale market.
The bank considers Australia to have relatively modern and well-functioning payment and settlement systems, and a CBDC is the natural step forward for the evolution of money in the country.
Korea Blockchain Week
9 a.m. HKT/SGT(1 a.m. UTC): Australia inflation expectations (August)